The exploration of space has always fascinated humans. It is a remarkable feat of human achievement to have sent living organisms beyond the Earth’s atmosphere. The history of animals in space is a long and fascinating one. Here are the top ten earliest animals in space :
1.Fruit flies : In 1947, fruit flies became the first living organisms to be sent into space. A V-2 rocket launched from White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico carried a small container of flies.
2.Laika the dog : Laika was a stray dog from the streets of Moscow. She became the first animal to orbit the Earth when she was launched into space aboard the Soviet Union’s Sputnik 2 on November 3, 1957.
3.Albert the monkey : In 1949, Albert the rhesus monkey became the first primate to be launched into space. Unfortunately, the rocket carrying Albert was not successful and crashed.
4.Gordo the squirrel monkey : In 1958, Gordo became the first monkey to survive a spaceflight. He was launched aboard a Jupiter AM-13 rocket and returned to Earth alive.
5.Able and Miss Baker the monkeys : In 1959, Able and Miss Baker became the first primates to survive a spaceflight and return to Earth safely. They were launched aboard a Jupiter IRBM rocket.
6.Tsygan and Dezik the dogs : In 1951, Tsygan and Dezik became the first dogs to be launched into space. They were sent up in a R-1 rocket, which reached an altitude of 110 km.
7.Belka and Strelka the dogs : In 1960, Belka and Strelka became the first dogs to orbit the Earth and return safely. They were launched aboard the Soviet Union’s Sputnik 5.
8.Mice : In 1950, a group of mice became the first mammals to be sent into space. They were launched aboard a V-2 rocket and survived the flight.
9.Zond 5 turtles : In 1968, two Russian tortoises, along with a collection of other animals including flies, worms, and plants, were sent around the Moon aboard the Soviet spacecraft Zond 5.
10.Newts : In 1985, newts were sent into space aboard a Soviet spacecraft. The goal was to study the effects of microgravity on their regenerative abilities.
The early animals in space paved the way for human spaceflight and scientific research in space. Their sacrifices and contributions are remembered and celebrated as we continue to explore the final frontier.
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